欧宝体育

學者?學生

袁年興: 探索民族關系新理論新范式

發布者: 新聞中心發布時間: 2021-01-18瀏覽次數: 786

記者 程毓 

(攝影 王文宇)

    2020nian12yue,dibajiegaoxiaokexueyanjiuyouxiuchengguojianggongbu,wenfaxueyuanyuannianxingjiaoshoupingjie《zuqundegongshengshuxingjiqiluojijiegou——yixiangchaoyueeryuanduilidezuqunrenleixueyanjiu》xueshuzhuanzhuronghuoerdengjiang,shixianoubaotiyuzairenwenshekeleiguojiajiangshanglingdetupo。

    zhongguogaoxiaokexueyanjiu(renwensheke)youxiuchengguojiang,shimuqianwoguogaoxiaozhexueshehuikexuelingyuzuigaojibiedezhengfujiangxiang,meisannianpingxuanyici。bencipingxuanfanweiwei2014nianzhi2017nianjianderenwenshehuikexueyanjiuchengguo。

    袁年興撰寫的專著于2015年出版,收到業內學者的眾多好評,“對‘民族共生’理論進行了系統性、開創性的研究。”“構建了經驗式、微觀分析和邏輯、宏觀闡釋相結合的新研究范式。”“尤其對于中國民族學而言,這有助于我們解決深陷其中的倫理困境和方法論的焦慮,有助于我們在世界話語體系的邊緣地帶發現并解決這個體系中心潛在的文化危機。”…… 

兩年田野調查獲取一手資料

    minzugongshengyanjiu,yuannianxingcong2007nianjiuduboshishikaishishezu。tashicongyanjiuminzuguanxidedaoshixuxianlong。xunzhaoboshideyanjiufangxiangshi,tasikaozhu,zhongguoyou56geminzu,weishenmenengchengweiyigedajiating?taqiangliediyishidao,meiyouminzuronghe,jiumeiyouminzutuanjie。minzugongsheng,shizhideyanjiudewenti。

    zhongguodeminzugongshenglishihexianzhuangshizenyangde?nengfouweizhongguodeminzuguanxi、minzuzhilitigongxindelilunhefanshi?daizhuyizhongshiminggan,yuannianxingkaishileyanjiu。

    congshirenwenshekeyanjiu,zhashidetianyediaochabibukeshao。2008nianshujia,yuannianxingbeishangxingli,nazhuditu,yigerenyanzhuduominzujuzhudiqu——zangyizoulang,kaishi“kulvshi”detanxunzhilu。

    conghubeiwuhanchenghuoche,laidaosichuanchengdou,tachaozhusichuan、yunnanhexizangdejiaojiechuqianxing。pinche、tubu,jiaotan、zhusu,jinglileyizhoudezouzoutingting。yigebangwan,laidaoxueshanjiaoxiadeyigexiaocunluo。pibeibukandeta,xiangwangchangyiyang,qiaoxianglubiandeyihunongshe。ziwojieshaohou,shoudaoreqingdejiedai,“zaidangdi,daiyanjingdezhishifenzihenshouhuanying。”

    “womenzhegecunzhuangyou17geminzu,30duonianmeiyouxingshianjian……”tingdaopushidenonghujieshao,tajingxibuyi,“zhejiushiwoyaozhaoxundezuqungongshengyanjiudecunzhuang。”

    yunnanshengxianggelilashidehabacun,dichudianchuanzangsanshengjiaohuichu,lishishangcengyouduogezhengquanzaicilajuzhengduo,yeshizhongguoxinanduominzunanlaibeiwang、shengxifanyandezhongyaodidai。weishenmezhelijishinianlaiduominzunenggouhexiegongchu?keyixiangxiang,zhelijidianlezhonghuaminzucongduoyuanzouxiangyitideshengcunxingzhihui。

    tazhuxialai。zaoshang,zainonghujiachiguozaocan,tanashangbenzihexiangji,kaishizoujiechuanhu,fangtan、guanchahejilu。

    kandaozuozaimenkoushaitaiyangdelaoren,tacoushangqiandazhaohu,zuoxialailiaojiachang,lejiecunzidezuqunqianxilishihejiazuguanxi;yudaozaitianlizuononghuodecunmin,tafangxiabenzi,bangzhudaxiashou,xunwenzuqunguanxiheshenghuofangshi;kandaojialiyouren,tazoujinwuli,hecunminkaozhutudou,xianliaocunminshenghuohejuzhuqingkuang。zaidongyiju、xiyijudelaokezhong,tashoujidaoyuelaiyueduodexinxi。

    cunlijingchangyougezhongjujixinghuodong,taruxiangsuisudicanyu。meiyuechuyi、shiwu,tagenzhucunminganji,cunminmenbajialidenongchanpinbaifangzaizhugandaoliangpang,tigongjiaohuanhegoumai。shuijialiyouhongbaixishi,tawenxunerlai,songshangboli,quanchengcanjia,zai“datiao”wuhuishang,hecunminmenhejiutiaowu。cunlijubandegeminzujierihuodong,tarongruqizhong,liuxinguanchageminzudefushihexisu。

    liangzhouhou,daduocunmindourenshitale,yuanyuandikanjian,jiureqingdizhaohu“yuanjiaoshoulaila!”eryuanbenbaimianshushengdeta,meitianzaochuwangui,yeshaidepifuheihong,youledangdirendemoyang。

    yuanliqinren,kejutaxiang,baitianmangliu,shiguanghaoguo。yewan,zhengliwanbiji,tatangzaichuangshang,tingjianwuwaichuanlaiwuwudeshengyin,xiangdaocunminjiangdehuomaikeng、guihuogushi,kaishijitiangandaojikongbuyougudu,changchangcheyenanmian,yizhouhoucaimanmanshiying。

    diyici,tayizhujiushilianggeduoyue。zhihou,tayouduocilaidaohabacun,daishangjizhouhuojigeyue,hecunmintongzhutongchitonglaodong。2009nian,zhidaodaniansanshi,tacaihuijia,“weilecanjiadangdirendegezhongjierihuodong。”

    liangnianjiankuzhashidediaocha,dailaifenghoudediyishouziliao。fangtanjiluheguanchajiluxielewuben,paishejiluyoushuqianzhangzhaopian、shiduoduanshipin。

    tongguotianyediaocha,tayoulexinfaxianhexinsikao——duoyangxingdeyizhigongsheng,shishengmingqiyuanhecunzaideyiyisuozai,yeshirenleishengcunsuqiudegenbenxiansuo,zheweirenleixueyanjiutigongleyigezhanxindeshiyu。zhishaokeyiqueding,zairenleixuezaoyuhouxiandaisichao“buquedingxing”debeijingzhong,zhongxinshenshigongshenglunyouzhuyuwomenbaituoxuekelunlidekunjing。

    erzheyiqielaizhibuyi,keyishuoshiyongshengminghuanlaide。zaichengchefanyue5000duomidexueshanshi,tayouqiangliedegaoyuanfanying,zuichunfawu,toutongdeyaoliekai。tasuozaicheli,shuangmujinbi,hunhunyushui。xinghaotongxingdeyimingwujingbuduanditixingta,“qianwanbunengshuizhu,shuizhulejiukenengyongyuanxingbuguolaile。”

    導師許憲隆得知他的經歷后說: “作為年輕學者,能夠做如此扎實的田野調查,非常難得,也為做出有學術價值的研究打下了良好的基礎。”   

七年精心打磨成就學術專著

    2009niandaniansanshi,yuannianxinghuidaowuhan,furenhehaiziyihuiniangjiaguonian。tayigerenzaijiali,dakaidiannao,kaishibiguanxiezuo。

    mianduifenfandediaochaziliao,anzhaozenyangdeluojishulicaiyouxueshujiazhi?meitian,zuozaishuzhuoqian,tabianxiangbianxie。youxiexianxiangwufayongxianyoudelilunjieshi,youdewentikanbutou、xiangbutong,youshixiangyongxingainianlaizhunquebiaoshuquezhaobudaoheshideciyu……xiezhuxiezhu,jingchangtuifanzhonglai。meitianyizuoxiajiushishijigexiaoshi,jingchangxiedaolingchen5、6dian。

    shichangyudaokake,tachuaishangxiaobenzihebi,zouchujiamen,yongsanbulaidiaojie。tabianzoubianxiang,xiangtongyidian,ganjinjixialai,huidaojiali,jixuxiezuo。chixudexiezuo,rangtaxianru“zouhuorumo”dejingdi。

    chunjiehou,furenhehaizihuidaojiazhong,ertayiranmeitianxiezuoshiduogexiaoshi。yitian,tayongtubiaogoujianhabacunnaxizude“qinshuchengwei”jiegou。jingguoyiyedefanfuzhuomo,doumeiyoudedaolixiangdetubiao。“kuang”deyisheng,furenzaoshangxinglai,tuikaishufangdemen,bazhuanzhusikaodetaxia leyitiao,“jinlainengbunengxianqiaomena。”qizikandaotayiyeweishui,benjiuyouxieqinao,“zaiwozijijiali,huanqiaogeshenmemen。”

    lijingsangeduoyuedeqianxinxiezuo,tazhongyuzhenglichulechugao,ranhoujinyibutilianhedamo。2009nian,tajielianfabiaoshijipianlunwen,chengxianchengguo“baofaqi”。minzuxuezhimingxuezhezhouzhishengjiaoshoupingjiashuo: “yuannianxingshoucitichuleminzugongshenglilun。”2010nian,tawanchengle24wanzideboshilunwen,gailunwenpingweihubeishengyouxiuboshilunwen,binghuodeguojiashekejijinhouqizizhu。

    xueshuyanjiubunengjinjinzhiyubiye,eryinggaishikaiqixinzhengcheng。yuannianxingyiboshilunwenweijichu,zhushoubianxiexueshuzhuanzhu。mulu,tajiuxiugaileshangbaici。meigezhangjie,yonggushihuadeyuyan,yongduanjuzi,jingxindiaozhuo,gailejishigao。“xiangdangyuquanpanzhongxie。”zheyangqianhoujingguole3nian,《zuqundegongshengshuxingjiqiluojijiegou》jiaogao。2015nian,youshehuikexuewenxianchubanshezhengshichuban。

    bianweimenzaibianshenzheben20duowanzidexueshuzhuanzhushipingjiashuo,shuzhongchengxiandaliangdeshili、shujuhetupian,meiyouzhashidetianyediaocha,shixiebuchulaide。

    dezhihuojianghou,daoshixuxianlongbawenjianzhuanfazaiqunli,shixiongdimenfenfenbiaoshizhuhe。yuannianxingmeiyouguoduodexingfen: “xuexi、sikaoheyanjiudeguocheng,gengrangwogandaowuqiongdelequ。”

    2018nian,shige10nian,tadaizhufurenhehaizilaidaohabacun。yishanbangshuidecunzhuang、chunpuhemudecunmin,yuanchubaiaiaidexueshan,jinchumanshanbianyehongsihuodehuajiao,rangqierliulianwangfan。qizishuo: “nizaizheliyanjiusuiranchilehenduoku,danshinidexueshuchengguohenyouyiyi。”

    huigu2007niandao2015nianlijingjianxindeyanjiulicheng,yuannianxingxinweidishuo: “zheshiwocongzhexue、xinlixuedengduoweikuajie,yongshizhenghemoxingfangfa,weiminzuguanxiyanjiuzuochudeyidiangongxian。”

    jinwunian,zaiduoxiangguojiajijindezhichixia,tajixutuijinminzugongshengyanjiu,dierbenzhuanzhujijiangchuban,lingyouerbenzhuanzhuzaixiezuozhong。

    wenfaxueyuandangweishujizhangjicaitijitazanbujuekou: “yuanjiaoshoukeyanyanjin,jingchangtongxiaodadan,fengshuodexueshuchengguodoushi‘pin’chulaide,erqiezuoweikeyanfuyuanchang,daidongzhidaoxueyuandelaoshimen,xueyuanhuopiguojiajijinshuliangmingxiantisheng。”


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